[1]李靖辉,陵军成.甘肃祁连山东段地区葱属植物资源调查与引种栽培试验[J].浙江林业科技,2021,41(06):74-78.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2021.06.012]
 LI Jing-hui,LING Jun-cheng.Investigation, Introduction and Cultivation of Allium Resources in the Eastern Qilian Mountain in Gansu[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2021,41(06):74-78.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2021.06.012]
点击复制

甘肃祁连山东段地区葱属植物资源调查与引种栽培试验()
分享到:

《浙江林业科技》[ISSN:1001-3776/CN:33-1112/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2021年06期
页码:
74-78
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-12-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation, Introduction and Cultivation of Allium Resources in the Eastern Qilian Mountain in Gansu
文章编号:
1001-3776(2021)06-0074-05
作者:
李靖辉1陵军成2
(1. 甘肃祁连山国家级自然保护区管护中心祁连自然保护站,甘肃天祝 733203;2. 甘肃省天祝县林业工作站,甘肃天祝 733299)
Author(s):
LI Jing-hui1LING Jun-cheng2
(1. Qilian Station of Gansu Qilianshan National Nature Reserve Management and Protection Center, Tianzhu Gansu 733203; 2. Forestry Work Station of Tianzhu County, Tianzhu Gansu 733299)
关键词:
葱属资源调查利用现状引种栽培祁连山东段
Keywords:
Allium resources investigation utilization introduction and cultivation eastern Qilian Mountain
分类号:
S633;S324
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2021.06.012
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为保护葱属Allium植物资源和丰富葱属植物栽培种类,2017年6—10月,调查了甘肃祁连山东段葱属植物资源种类和利用现状,2018年4月—2019年10月,进行了引种栽培试验。结果表明:甘肃祁连山东段地区共有葱属植物9种,分别为天蓝韭A. cyaneum、高山韭A. sikkimense、唐古韭A. tanguticum、镰叶韭A. carolinianum、野黄韭A. rude、青甘韭A. przewalskianum、碱韭A. polyrhizum、蒙古韭A. mongolicum、金头韭A. herderianum,分布海拔为2 000 ~ 4 500 m,其中高山韭、唐古韭和野黄韭为潮湿性生境种类,天蓝韭、镰叶韭、青甘韭、碱韭、蒙古韭和金头韭为干旱性生境种类;葱属植物的经济价值主要是食用、药用和观赏;利用现状是以采挖野生资源为主,人工栽培为辅。人工引种栽培后,9个种类的种子发芽率为68.41% ~ 95.73%,嫩叶折合产量为7 922.55 ~ 13 538.40 kg·hm-2,鲜葱花折合产量为2 732.25 ~ 4 746.00 kg·hm-2,9个葱属植物的种子发芽率、嫩叶和鲜葱花折合产量多数种类之间达到显著差异(P<0.05)或极显著差异(P<0.01)。9个葱属植物在生产中均具有一定的栽培潜力。
Abstract:
During June and October 2017, investigation was carried out on Allium resources and their current utilization in the eastern Qilian Mountain in Gansu province. From April 2018 to October 2019, introduction and of obtained species of Allium was conducted. The result showed that there were 9 species in the investigated area, namely A. cyaneum, A. sikkimense, A. tanguticum, A. carolinianum, A. rude, A. przewalskianum, A. polyrhizum, A. mongolicum, A. herderianum. They were distributed at altitude of 2 000-4 500 m, A. sikkimense, A. tanguticum and A. rude was at humid habitat, and A. cyaneum, A. carolinianum, A. przewalskianum, A. polyrhizum, A. mongolicum and A. herderianum liked dry habitat. The economic value of Allium in investigated area was edible, medicinal and ornamental by mainly harvesting wild resources and cultivating. Introduction experiment demonstrated that seed germination rate of nine species was 68.41%-95.73%, the yield of fresh leaf was 7 922.55-13 538.40 kg/ha, and the yield of fresh flower was 2 732.25-4 746.00 kg/ha. The experiment showed that seed germination rate, fresh leaf and flower yield had extremely significant difference among 9 Allium species (P<0.05) or significant (P<0.01).

参考文献/References:

[1] 胡长青,邓颖莲,樊磊虎. 内蒙古野生葱属植物资源的开发利用与保护[J]. 中国野生植物资源,2007,26(6):30-31.
[2] 张馨,林辰壹. 人工栽培条件下3种野生葱属植物形态及年生活史特征[J]. 中国瓜菜,2017,30(8):16-19.
[3] 刘婷,张百忍,侯运和,等. 高山野菜茖葱的驯化栽培研究[J]. 北方园艺,2012(20):38-39.
[4] 董立盛,陵军成,赵生香. 苣荬菜生长习性及日光温室人工栽培技术[J]. 甘肃农业科技,2017(12):105-107.
[5] 张勇,冯起,高海宁,等. 祁连山维管植物彩色图谱[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2013:298-302.
[6] 吴征镒. 中国植物志[M]. 北京:科学出版社,2004:1268-1782.
[7] 段双全,次仁. 高山韭作为藏族食品添加剂的研究初探[J]. 西藏科技,2007(8):27-29.
[8] 杨忠仁,刘建文,郝丽珍,等. 内蒙古地区四种葱属野菜花期物候及花营养成分研究[J]. 北方园艺,2013(8):1-4.
[9] 郝转. 葱属类植物研究进展[J]. 贵州农业科学,2017,45(11):110-113.
[10] 关志华,王忠红,朗杰,等. 青藏高原8种野生葱属植物挥发性成分研究[J]. 植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(4):1036-1043.
[11] 裴艳霞. 浅谈现代农业蔬菜的栽培技术及栽培要点[J]. 农业与技术,2017,37(20):58-60.
[12] 李会合,贺方云. 氮和钾对蔬菜营养品质效应的研究进展[J]. 重庆文理学院学报(自然科学版),2007(1):31-34.
[13] 李红丽,于贤昌,王华森,等. 果菜类蔬菜品质研究进展[J]. 山东农业大学学报(自然科学版),2007(2):322-326.
[14] 胡超,付庆灵. 土壤重金属污染对蔬菜发育及品质的影响之研究进展[J]. 中国农学通报,2007(6):519-523.

相似文献/References:

[1]代俊,肖之强,马晨晨,等.滇东北植物区系新资料[J].浙江林业科技,2016,36(05):69.
 DAI Jun,XIAO Zhi-qiang,MA Chen-chen,et al.New Information of Flora in the Northeast of Yunnan[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2016,36(06):69.
[2]沈鸿明,沈劲余,朱王微,等.浙江省紫薇品种资源调查Ⅲ─银薇品种群[J].浙江林业科技,2018,38(01):44.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.01.008]
 SHEN Hong-ming,SHEN Jin-yu,Zhu Wang-wei,et al.Investigation on Resources of Lagerstroemia indica Alba Group in Zhejiang[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2018,38(06):44.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.01.008]
[3]王翰华,罗淑青,倪梦茜,等.四明山国家森林公园药用植物资源调查与分析[J].浙江林业科技,2018,38(01):91.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.01.014]
 WANG Han-hua,LUO Shu-qing,NI Meng-qian,et al.Investigation and Analysis of Medicinal Plant Resources in Simingshan National Forest Park[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2018,38(06):91.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.01.014]
[4]王娜,于濛,王群,等.哈尔滨市古树名木资源现状及分析[J].浙江林业科技,2018,38(03):77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.03.014]
 WANG Na,YU Meng,WANG Qun,et al.Current Situation and Analysis of Ancient and Famous Trees in Harbin[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2018,38(06):77.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2018.03.014]
[5]吴佳,黄宏亮,黄继育,等.安吉县古树名木资源和保护策略研究[J].浙江林业科技,2021,41(04):114.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2021.04.020]
 WU Jia,HUANG Hong-liang,HUANG Ji-yu,et al.Resources and Protection of Ancient and Famous Trees in Anji County[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2021,41(06):114.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2021.04.020]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-07-12;修回日期:2021-10-26
作者简介:李靖辉,本科,工程师,从事林业技术推广工作;E-mail:jinghuili@l63.com。通信作者:陵军成,硕士,高级工程师,从事果树栽培生理研究;E-mail:linggrape2000@l63.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-12-01