[1]冯璋斐,陈波,陈中铭,等.兰亭造园艺术特征分析[J].浙江林业科技,2019,39(5):45-53.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2019.05.007]
 FENG Zhang-fei,CHEN Bo,CHEN Zhong-ming,et al.Analysis on the Artistic Characteristics of Lanting Gardening[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology,2019,39(5):45-53.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2019.05.007]
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兰亭造园艺术特征分析()
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《浙江林业科技》[ISSN:1001-3776/CN:33-1112/S]

卷:
39
期数:
2019年第5期
页码:
45-53
栏目:
研究简报
出版日期:
2019-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on the Artistic Characteristics of Lanting Gardening
文章编号:
1001-3776(2019)05-0045-09
作者:
冯璋斐陈波陈中铭卢山
浙江理工大学建筑工程学院,浙江杭州 310018
Author(s):
FENG Zhang-feiCHEN BoCHEN Zhong-mingLU Shan
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture,Zhejiang Sci-Tech University,Hangzhou 310018,China
关键词:
风景园林造园要素园林意境艺术特征兰亭
Keywords:
landscape architecturegarden artpoetic imagery of gardenArtistic CharacteristicsLanting
分类号:
TU986
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2019.05.007
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
对兰亭的空间布局和空间组织进行探索,同时对兰亭的山石布局、水体营造、植物景观、建筑意境的造园艺术进行分析,论述兰亭作为绍兴传统公共园林个案研究的价值与意义。兰亭始建于王羲之修禊之前,因王羲之而成名,历经多次重建;现阶段兰亭是一座占地约1hm2的小型园林,是首个被记载的公共园林,布局紧凑而灵活,以曲水流觞为中心,四周环绕着鹅池、鹅池亭、流觞亭、小兰亭、御碑亭、墨华亭、王右军祠等,整体格局遵循着以亭连线的原则安排景观,使得空间有着起承转合的节奏感;在布局中,采用“虚”与“实”的关系,可拓展为大与小、疏与密、藏与露等关系;植物景观树种种类丰富,有蕙兰Cymbidium faberi,毛竹Phyllostachys heterocycla‘Pubescens’,木犀Osmanthus fragrans,桃叶杜鹃Rhododendron annae,水仙柯Lithocarpus naiadarum等几十个种类。
Abstract:
The space layout and space organization of Lanting were explored,at the same time, the gardening art of Lanting’s rock layout, water body construction, plant landscape and architectural conception was analyzed to discusses the value and significance of Lanting as a case study of Shaoxing traditional public gardens. Lanting was built before Wang Xizhi’s repair,it was renamed by Wang Xizhi and hadundergone many reconstructions. At this stage, Lanting is a small garden covering an area of about one hectare. It is the first public garden to be recorded. The layout is compact and flexiblewith winding water flowing as the center, surrounded by the Goose Pool, Goose poolPavilion, Liuying Pavilion, Xiao Lanting, Yubei Pavilion, Mo Huating, Wang Youjun hall, etc. The overall pattern follows the principle of line connecting with pavilion, making the space have a rhythm of transition. Sense; in the layout, the relationship between “virtual”and “real”can be extended to the relationship between big and small, sparse and dense, hidingand exposed; plant landscape elements are rich in species, including Cymbidium faberi, Phyllostachys heterocycla‘Pubescens’, Osmanthus fragrans,Rhododendron annae, Lithocarpus naiadarum , and so on .

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-09;修回日期:2019-07-26
基金项目:诚邦生态环境股份有限公司委托科研项目
作者简介:冯璋斐,硕士研究生,从事园林景观研究;E-mail:948001647@qq.com。通信作者:卢山,教授,从事风景园林规划设计、研究与教学工作;E-mail:lushan516@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-20